CIRCLE (The Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement)
conducts research on the civic and political engagement of young Americans.
The Center for Information & Research on Civic Learning and Engagement

Fact Sheet

Fact Sheets provide a quick overview on a particular issue in the field of civic engagement

RSSFact Sheet

Youth Voting in the 2016 Primaries

Throughout the 2016 primaries, CIRCLE conducted state-by-state analyses of youth voting in both parties’ nominating contests. As this month’s Republican and Democratic conventions officially bring the primary season to a close, this fact sheet revisits the day-after youth turnout estimates we calculated for each state contest and expands on the major trend we have highlighted throughout: a considerable increase Read More >

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July 27th, 2016
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New Analysis: Political Engagement of Asian American, African American, and Latino Youth

Political campaigns and commentators often think of the “youth” as a monolithic voting bloc. But young people in America are an increasingly diverse group with varied political and ideological views, and different ways of engaging in political and civic life. Today, we release three new fact sheets with recent data and analysis about the electoral Read More >

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October 7th, 2014
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2014 Midterms: Why (Some) Registered Youth Don’t Vote

When it comes to youth political engagement, especially in midterm elections, getting youth to register is only half the battle. That is one of the takeaways from our latest fact sheet on young people’s registration and turnout rates in midterm elections, with particular focus on the 2010 contest, the election most comparable to the upcoming 2014 midterm.

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June 25th, 2014
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How Civics is Taught in America: A National Survey of Civics and U.S. Government Teachers

In 2013, CIRCLE surveyed a national sample of civics and U.S. government teachers for our Commission on Youth Voting and Civic Knowledge. More than 700 teachers responded to the survey and provided valuable information on over 1,000 courses that they taught. Today we release a new fact sheet with detailed data from that national teacher survey, along with key conclusions and recommendations.

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June 17th, 2014
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Reforming Civic Education: Three Case Studies

Today, we release a short fact sheet that describes three recent civic education policy changes. We also release a longer paper that takes an initial look at the process behind each proposal and some of the issues faced by the educators tasked with implementing them.

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March 17th, 2014
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Information Literacy in High School Civics

With news sources changing rapidly and fragmenting along ideological lines, understanding how to use news and information media (“information literacy”) is an important civic skill. A new fact sheet by CIRCLE deputy director Kei Kawashima-Ginsberg explores the extent to which information literacy is taught in high school civics classes and how its teaching varies. Using Read More >

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January 9th, 2014
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Young Women Drive Youth Turnout

Recently, we posted new analysis connecting young women’s early civic opportunities to future political leadership. We also posted initial voting statistics for young women and men, showing that young women’s turnout in the 2012 election exceeded young men’s by seven percentage points. Since 1972, when 18- and 19-year-olds won the right to vote, young women Read More >

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May 21st, 2013
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Only 12.3 Million Young People, 18-29, Voted for President Obama in ‘12; Down from 14.8 Million in ‘08

CIRCLE Releases Full 2012 Youth Vote Analysis from Census Population Survey Data MEDFORD/SOMERVILLE, MA – With this week’s release of the Census Current Population Survey November Supplement, or CPS, the Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning & Engagement (CIRCLE) today published final estimates of how young people voted in the 2012 election. Please Read More >

May 10th, 2013
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New CIRCLE Fact Sheet: Civic Engagement and Political Leadership Among Women – a Call for Solutions

On Monday we posted a summary of comments made by Dr. Kei Kawashima-Ginsberg, CIRCLE’s Lead Researcher, at a White House Conference on Girls’ Leadership and Civic Education. Today we are posting an accompanying fact sheet and a prezi presentation, and in the coming weeks we will present more analysis of electoral participation among young women Read More >

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May 9th, 2013
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Discussion, Debate, and Simulations Boost Students’ Civic Knowledge, But Gaps Remain

Ten years ago, the Civic Mission of Schools report (Gibson & Levine, 2003) clarified goals of civic education and identified six “promising practices” of civic education pedagogy. Three of these practices were measured on the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) Civics test in 2010: discussing current events, debating current issues (including controversies), and participating Read More >

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April 30th, 2013
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Immigration and the 2012 Election

A new CIRCLE fact sheet uses post-election youth polling to examine young people’s views of immigration reform and how youth with recent immigrant backgrounds participated in the 2012 election. Only a relatively small portion of young Americans rated immigration as their top issue in the 2012 election, yet those young people overwhelmingly favored creating paths Read More >

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February 21st, 2013
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High School Civic Education Linked to Voting Participation and Political Knowledge, No Effect on Partisanship or Candidate Selection

Most Young Voters Knew the Candidates’ Issue Positions MEDFORD/SOMERVILLE, MA – A large, national survey of young Americans released today shows that most young adults who voted in 2012 could choose an issue that was important to them and knew where the candidates stood on at least one (of two) relevant policies. Young Obama and Read More >

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January 17th, 2013
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What the NAEP Civics Assessment Measures and How Students Perform

Only eight states currently test their students on American government or civics (usually as part of a much broader social studies test), and so relatively little is known about young people’s civic knowledge, skills, behaviors, and values. Given the paucity of state data, the federal National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) in Civics receives predominant Read More >

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January 17th, 2013
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Education Gap Persists: 66% of youth with any college experience turned out to vote, 35% of youth with no college experience

Previous research has shown a strong correlation between college experience and political engagement. About 40 percent of young eligible voters between the age of 18 to 29 have not attended college. Our recent report, That’s Not Democracy: How Out-of-School Youth Engage in Civic Life and What Stands In Their Way, shows they are interested in Read More >

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November 15th, 2012
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Support for President Obama Varied Greatly by Gender and Race

Although young people favored President Obama, their level of support for him varied greatly by gender and race, ranging from 98% among Black women to 41% among White men. This CIRCLE fact sheet (PDF) takes a deeper look at how young men and women voters of different racial backgrounds voted, why they chose to vote Read More >

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November 14th, 2012
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More Analysis of Young Voters on Issues, House Candidate Support, Differences from Older Voters

An estimated 23 million young Americans under the age of 30 voted in the 2012 presidential election, and youth voter turnout was 50 percent of those (18-to-29) eligible to vote. Turnout was very close to the 2008 rate of 52 percent, indicating that youth held steady in their participation. This new fact sheet [PDF] summarizes Read More >

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November 13th, 2012
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New CIRCLE Fact Sheet Describes State Laws, Standards, and Requirements for k-12 Civics

With funding from the S. D. Bechtel, Jr. Foundation, CIRCLE has analyzed the standards, course requirements, and mandatory assessments relevant to civic education in all 50 states plus the District of Columbia. This is the first such scan in 5 years. The full analysis is summarized in our new fact sheet entitled State Civic Education Read More >

October 10th, 2012
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Impact of AmeriCorps on Voting: Study Finds No Evidence that AmeriCorps Mobilizes Young People Politically; Non-voters More Likely to Enroll in Program

Medford, MA – A new study from the Center for Information & Research on Civic Learning & Engagement (CIRCLE), the preeminent youth research organization based at Tufts University, finds no evidence that the federally funded service program AmeriCorps mobilizes people politically. According to the new fact sheet, young adults tend to become more civically engaged Read More >

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June 1st, 2012
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9/11 Now in Textbooks and Standards

9/11 now in Textbooks and Standards Many states require teaching it, but textbook treatments are cursory, and state standards require only basic information Washington State and Vermont standards more substantive Tisch College, Tufts University, Medford/Somerville, Mass.: The attacks of 9/11/01 happened ten years ago, when a typical fifth-grader was an infant. But the attacks are Read More >

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September 8th, 2011
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Official Youth Turnout Rate in 2010 was 24%

New Census Data Confirm African American and Asian Youth Increased Their Turnout Rates in 2010 Midterms Youth Turnout Overall Similar to Past Midterm Elections Interviews with Experts Available; Contact Sarah Shugars at 617-627-2029 or Sarah.Shugars@tufts.edu Tisch College, Medford/Somerville, Mass. — An estimated 24% of young people (ages 18-29) voted in the 2010 midterm elections, according Read More >

April 15th, 2011
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FEATURED: Youth Volunteering in the States: 2002 to 2009

The volunteering rate among Americans of high-school age (16-18) hit its peak in 2005, at 33%, but has since declined to 27-29% for the past four years, according to the new CIRCLE fact sheet “Youth Volunteering in the States: 2002 to 2009.” This fact sheet provides rates of volunteering for teenagers and young adults by state in 2002 through 2009. It also summarizes state policies relevant to youth volunteering.

February 14th, 2011
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Reweighted Exit Poll Data Suggest Youth Turnout May Have Reached 22.8%

Immediately after the November elections, using the National Election Pool, national exit poll by Edison Research, Census demographic data, and the number of ballots cast nationally, CIRCLE estimated youth turnout to be 20-21 percent. On November 15, CIRCLE received adjusted (“reweighted”) exit poll data from Edison Research. The new data suggest that young voters represented Read More >

November 17th, 2010
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Youth Voters in the 2010 Elections

Younger Voters Were Racially Diverse, Voted Democratic, and Approved of President Obama Mostly a Subset of the 2008 Electorate, they Held Mixed Views of What to Do About the Economy New Exit Poll Analysis Released today by the Generational Alliance and CIRCLE Tisch College of Citizenship, Tufts University — Today, CIRCLE and the Generational Alliance Read More >

November 9th, 2010
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FEATURED: Voter Registration Among Young People in 2008

The new CIRCLE fact sheet “Voter Registration Among Young People in 2008” presents detailed information on registration rates among young people, broken down by racial and ethnic groups, differences in educational background, married and unmarried individuals, urbanicity, and state-by-state information.

November 1st, 2010
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FEATURED: Voter Turnout Among Young Women and Men in the 2008 Presidential Election

The new CIRCLE fact sheet “Voter Turnout Among Young Women and Men in the 2008 Presidential Election” presents information on voter turnout for women and men with detailed information about racial and ethnic groups, differences in educational background and married and unmarried individuals.

October 29th, 2010
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FEATURED: The Minority Youth Vote in the 2008 Presidential Election

With the midterms less than a week away, turnout among young people is an important factor. According to CIRCLE’s new fact sheet “The Minority Youth Vote in the 2008 Presidential Election” youth voter turnout increased for young people of all races between the 2004 and 2008 elections, with the exception of young white voters, whose turnout remained unchanged.

October 27th, 2010
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FEATURED: Will Young Voters Turn Out for the 2010 Election?

The volatile turnout of young people will be an important factor in the midterm elections, less than two months away. A new CIRCLE Fact Sheet on youth voter turnout by state provides historical perspective on the upcoming election.

September 15th, 2010
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The “Forgotten Half”: Education Disparities in Youth Voter Turnout

While young Americans with college experience continue to be more likely to vote than those who don’t attend college, there are effective strategies and initiatives to help bridge this gap, according to new research released by the Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement (CIRCLE).

August 30th, 2010
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Federal Policy and Civic Skills

CIRCLE releases a new fact sheet entitled “Civic Skills and Federal Policy” (PDF). The fact sheet notes that citizens can improve their communities, the government, and the nation through active civic engagement and collaboration. To do so requires skills. Educational programs and other government-supported initiatives have been shown to enhance Americans’ civic skills and their levels of engagement. But these programs and other opportunities are scarce and unequal, often provided to people who are already the most likely to be engaged.

April 29th, 2010
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Young people of faith more likely to be engaged than non-religious counterparts

April 2010 Using data from the 2008 American National Election Studies (ANES), this fact sheet explores the religious demographics of the Millenials (18-29). Through the lens of religious affiliation, this report examines the ways in which young Americans participate in politics and in their communities. A special focus is given to young Evangelical Christians, a Read More >

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April 14th, 2010
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Volunteering Eases Return to Civilian Life for Young Veterans

November 2009 Tisch College, Medford/Somerville, Mass. – Recent veterans who have volunteered since returning to the United States show a better adjustment to civilian life than their fellow returned servicemen and women who have not volunteered, according to a new report issued in time for Veterans Day. The report shows that volunteering helps bolster ties Read More >

November 11th, 2009
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Immigrant Youth Less Likely to Volunteer

September 2009 Young people who have immigrated to the United States or whose parents were born outside the U.S. are far less likely to volunteer than youth of U.S.-born parents, according to a new CIRCLE Fact Sheet. This cohort represents the fastest growing portion of the youth population.  22 percent of youth with U.S.-born parents Read More >

September 16th, 2009
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Youth without college education are less likely to volunteer: New CIRCLE report examines the correlation between college experience & volunteering

Tisch College, Tufts University —Despite the upward trend in youth volunteering, young adults with no college experience are half as likely to volunteer as their collegiate counterparts, according to a new report examining the relationship between youth volunteering and college experience. Roughly 43 percent of the 20-to-29-year-old population has not attended college. Download the fact Read More >

August 11th, 2009
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New Study Examines Impact of State Election Law Reforms on Young Voters

STATES HAVE THE POWER TO INCREASE YOUTH VOTER PARTICIPATION Election day Registration most Effective in Boosting Youth Voter Turnout Minneapolis, MN – With a record youth voter turnout in the 2008 election, allowing voters to register at the polls on Election Day was the most effective way to boost youth voter turnout according to a Read More >

July 15th, 2009
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New Census Data Confirm Increase in Youth Voter Turnout In 2008 Election

Youth Voter Turnout Rate Rose to 51.1 Percent, Third Highest Rate Ever: 2 Million More Young People Voted Than in 2004 The fact sheet on youth voter turnout and trends in 2008 and a 50-state breakdown can be downloaded here (PDF). The press release is here. Tisch College, Tufts University — Nearly two million more Read More >

April 28th, 2009
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Downward Trend in High School Volunteering

CIRCLE’s new fact sheet provides a 50-state breakdown of volunteering rates for teenagers, young adults, and the population over 25. Vermont, Utah & North Dakota show the highest rates; New York and Nevada among the lowest The fact sheet as a PDF The press release as a PDF Tisch College, Tufts University. – Fewer high Read More >

April 22nd, 2009
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Turnout by Education, Race and Gender and Other 2008 Youth Voting Statistics

November 2008 Jonathan M. Tisch College of Citizenship and Public Service, Medford, MA – Now that the dust has settled from a record turnout of young voters, new research reveals young Americans voted for Obama across party and racial lines, but youth with no college experience were underrepresented at the polls, according to Tisch College’s Read More >

November 24th, 2008
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CIRCLE Youth Voter Election 2008 Resources & Data

As explained in this press release, CIRCLE expects to have estimates of the 2008 youth voter turnout available early on Nov. 5. Meanwhile, with the election two weeks away, CIRCLE releases data and analysis on youth voting: Our interactive map presents basic data on all 50 states. Our Quick Facts Sheet provides basic information on Read More >

October 21st, 2008
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FEATURED: Young Voters in the 2008 Primaries/Caucuses

June 2008 More than 6.5 million young people under the age of 30 participated in the 2008 primaries and caucuses. This marks a dramatic increase in youth voter turnout over the last comparable election cycle in 2000. In states where data is available for both the 2008 and 2000 primaries, the national youth turnout rate Read More >

June 13th, 2008
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FEATURED: The Youth Vote in the 2008 Early Contests (NH, MI, NV, SC, & FL)

Based on entrance poll data provided by Edison/Mitofsky, this fact sheet analyzes the demographic make-up of young voters in NH, MI, NV, SC & FL, as well as information on young people’s top issues and vote choices. Voter turnout data is also presented (see Table below).

February 5th, 2008
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Television Consumption and Civic Engagement Among 15 to 25 Year Olds

by Alexander P. Orlowski December 2007 Based on data from the Civic and Political Health of the Nation surveys (2002 and 2006), this fact sheet investigates the correlation between television consumption and civic engagement. The research found that in nineteen different civic activities young people who watch TV less than two hours a day participated Read More >

December 11th, 2007
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Media Use Among Young People in 2006

by Karlo Barrios Marcelo December 2007 This fact sheet identifies trends in media usage among young people and adults using data from the Civic and Political Health of the Nation Surveys (2002 and 2006), General Social Survey, and Monitoring the Future. Download “Media Use Among Young People in 2006.”

December 11th, 2007
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Marital Status and Civic Engagment

by Roberto D. Munster December 2007 Using data from the 2006 Civic and Political Health of the Nation survey and the Current Population Survey, this fact sheet explores marriage rates among young people, ages 15-25, and the civic engagement of young people based on marital status. Download “Marital Status and Civic Engagement Among 18-25 Year Read More >

November 30th, 2007
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How Young People Expressed Their Political Views in 2006

by Karlo Barrios Marcelo and Mark Hugo Lopez November 2007 Efforts to address community or public problems usually involve efforts to persuade other people. Therefore, expressing political views is an essential aspect of civic engagement. Among the 19 survey indicators of civic engagement in CIRCLE’s “Civic and Political Health of the Nation” surveys (2002 and Read More >

November 14th, 2007
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Voter Registration Among Young People

by Karlo Barrios Marcelo June 2008 The voter registration rate in presidential elections among young people rose from 2000 to 2004. Sixty percent of young people, ages 18-29, said they were registered to vote in the 2004 Presidential election, according to analysis of the Current Population Survey, November (Voting) Supplement. This rise in registration rates Read More >

September 11th, 2007
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U.S. Civics Instruction: Content and Teaching Strategies

August 2007 by Mark Hugo Lopez & Emily Hoban Kirby A new CIRCLE fact sheet presents previously unreleased evidence from the 2006 CPHS survey about the themes emphasized in civics classes as well as the teaching strategies teachers employ in civics instruction. The research shows that government and civics classes continue to focus on traditional Read More >

August 28th, 2007
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Three New Volunteering Fact Sheets

by Karlo Barrios Marcelo July 2007 Using data from the Census Bureau’s 2006 Current Population Survey (CPS) September Volunteering Supplement, these fact sheets provide volunteer rate statistics, as well as information on how youth become involved in volunteer organizations, the types of volunteer activities, volunteer rates by geographical region, and median volunteer hours. Volunteering Among Read More >

July 18th, 2007
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Youth Volunteering in the States: 2002 to 2006

by Sara E. Helms and Karlo Barrios Marcelo Updated July 2007 ***2006 Volunteering Data Now Included*** Uses the Current Population Survey (CPS) September Volunteer Supplements from 2002-2006, administered by the Bureau of the Census and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Offers a breakdown of volunteer rates by states and age groups. Download “Youth Volunteering in Read More >

July 17th, 2007
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Young Urban Voters in the Midterm Election Year 2006

by Karlo Barrios Marcelo July 2007 This fact sheet presents voter turnout data by urban, suburban, and rural areas, as well as by metropolitan area (29 unique metropolitan areas) by subgroup and age. The Current Population Survey, November (Voting) Supplement, 2006, was the data source used for this analysis. Download “Young Urban Voters in the Read More >

July 5th, 2007
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Quick Facts About Young Voters by Metropolitan Area: The Midterm Elections 2006

by Karlo Barrios Marcelo July 2007 Using the Current Population Survey, November (Voting) Supplement, 2006, these fact sheets analyze voter turnout rates by metropolitan area. Click here to view the list of fact sheets by metropolitan areas.

July 5th, 2007
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Quick Facts About Young Voters by State: The Midterm Election Year 2006

by Mark Hugo Lopez, Karlo Barrios Marcelo, and Jared Sagoff Updated June 2007 Using data from the 2006 Current Population Survey, November (Voting) Supplement, these facts sheets examine voter turnout rates from 1978-2006, turnout rates by subgroup, and partisanship (where available from the Election Pool, Exit Poll surveys) for all 50 states and the District Read More >

June 21st, 2007
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Youth Voter Turnout Increases in 2006

by Mark Hugo Lopez, Karlo Barrios Marcelo, and Emily Hoban Kirby June 2007 This fact sheet uses new data from the 2006 Current Population Survey, November Supplement, to determine the youth voter turnout in the 2006 midterm election. The data confirm early estimates by CIRCLE that 10.8 million young Americans voted in the 2006 midterm Read More >

June 14th, 2007
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Civic Engagement Among non-College Attending Youth

by Mark Hugo Lopez and Jason P. Kolaczkowski February 2003 Based on 1972-2004 Current Population Survey data, 2004 NEP exit poll data, and the CEG/CIRCLE Youth Survey 2004. Provides information on the voting rates of non-college attending youth. Download “Civic Engagement Among non-College Attending Youth.”

May 30th, 2007
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Civics Curriculum and Civic Skills: Recent Evidence

by Melissa K. Comber November 2003 Based on IEA Civic Education study and NHES data from 1999. Reports civics topics studied by 9th graders and tracks students who are required to pay attention to government by grade. Reports relationships between certain civics topics with outcomes and skills. Download “Civics Curriculum and Civic Skills: Recent Evidence.”

May 30th, 2007
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Themes Emphasized in Social Studies and Civics Classes

by Peter Levine and Mark Hugo Lopez February 2004 Based on CEG/CIRCLE Youth Survey 2004. Download “Themes Emphasized in Social Studies and Civics Classes.”

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May 30th, 2007
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Strengths and Weaknesses in U.S. Students’ Knowledge and Skills: Analysis from the IEA Civic Education Study

by Judith Torney-Purta and Carolyn Henry Barber June 2004 Based on IEA data. Reports American student performance on knowledge measures in relation to the international mean, home background, topics studied in school, and attitudes about types of civic participation. Download “Strengths and Weaknesses in U.S. Students’ Knowledge and Skills: Analysis from the IEA Civic Education Read More >

May 30th, 2007
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State Voter Registration and Election Day Laws

by Emily Hoban Kirby and Mark Hugo Lopez June 2004 Based on CIRCLE Working Papers 01 and 15. Compares states’ voter registration laws and the effects state voting laws have on turnout. Download “State Voter Registration and Election Day Laws.“

May 30th, 2007
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College Students in the 2004 Election

by Richard Niemi and Michael Hanmer November 2004 Based on a survey of of 1,200 college students designed by Professor Richard Niemi of the University of Rochester and Professor Michael Hanmer of Georgetown University. Reports on college students voting choices in the 2004 presidential election. Download “College Students in the 2004 Election.”

May 30th, 2007
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Attitudes of Young People Toward Diversity

by Michael Olander, Emily Hoban Kirby, and Krista Schmitt February 2005 Based on the National Election Study 1972-2002, the General Social Survey 1972-2002, the 2004 National Youth Survey, the Social Capital Survey, 2002, the IEA Civic Education Study, 2002, and The Civic and Political Health of the Nation Survey, 2002. Summarizes young people’s attitudes toward Read More >

May 30th, 2007
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How Teachers’ Preparation Relates to Students’ Civic Knowledge and Engagement in the United States: Analysis from the IEA Civic Education Study

by Judith Torney-Purta, Carolyn Henry Barber, and Wendy Klandl Richardson April 2005 Based on IEA data. Examines how teachers are prepared to provide civic education as well as their attitudes toward civic education. Download “How Teachers’ Preparation Relates to Students’ Civic Knowledge and Engagement in the United States: Analysis from the IEA Civic Education Study.”

May 30th, 2007
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Quick Facts on Young Voters: 2004

by Mark Hugo Lopez, Emily Kirby, and Billy Grayson September 2005 Based on 1972-2004 Current Population Survey data. Provides quick summary of voting statistics from the 2004 election. Download “Quick Facts on Young Voters: 2004.”

May 30th, 2007
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Participation in Sports and Civic Engagement

by Mark Hugo Lopez and Kimberlee Moore February 2006 Based on the 2002 CIRCLE National Youth Survey. Download “Participation in Sports and Civic Engagement.“

May 30th, 2007
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Federal Policies for Civic Education and Service

by Emily Hoban Kirby, Peter Levine, and Brent Elrod June 2006 Describes current federal laws and appropriations. Download “Federal Policies for Civic Education and Service.”

May 30th, 2007
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Volunteering Among Young People

by Mark Hugo Lopez and Karlo Barrios Marcelo April 2007 Based on a variety of data sources including CIRCLE’s 2006 Civic & Political Health of the Nation survey, Monitoring the Future data from 1976-2005, HERI data from 1984-2005, & NELS data from 1988. Compares youth volunteering with that of other generations, tracks high school & Read More >

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April 25th, 2007
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Religious Service Attendance and Civic Engagement Among 15 to 25 Year Olds

by Mark Hugo Lopez, Kumar V. Pratap, and Sean L. Conner April 2007 This fact sheet reports that young people who attend religious services are more likely to vote and volunteer. The data also showed that those who attend religious services regularly are more likely than their counterparts to belong to groups involved in politics, Read More >

April 5th, 2007
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Civic Engagement Among Young Men and Women

by Karlo Barrios Marcelo, Mark Hugo Lopez, and Emily Hoban Kirby March 2007 Based on the Civic and Political Health of the Nation Survey (CIRCLE), 2002 and 2006, Current Population Survey data, and Monitoring the Future data. Provides information on the 19 measures of civic engagement across men and women. Download “Civic Engagement Among Young Read More >

March 1st, 2007
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An Assessment of Civic Engagement and Educational Attainment

by Alberto Davila and Marie T. Mora January 2007 It is well documented that individuals with higher levels of education tend to be more civically engaged. In a two-part study conducted for the Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement (CIRCLE), we provide empirical evidence using 1988-2000 panel data from the National Read More >

January 25th, 2007
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Civic Engagement Among Minority Youth

by Karlo Barrios Marcelo, Mark Hugo Lopez, and Emily Hoban Kirby January 2007 While the majority of young African-Americans between ages 15-25 believe government should do more to solve problems, there has been a nearly 20-point increase since 2002 in the percentage of young African-Americans who say that “government is almost always wasteful and inefficient.” Read More >

January 6th, 2007
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Young Voters in the 2006 Elections

by Emily Hoban Kirby and Karlo Barrios Marcelo December 2006 Based on 1992-2006 National Election Pool, National Exit Poll. Compares youth and adult voters. Multiple voter turnout measures are also compared. Provides information on voting trends and attitudes of young voters. Download “Young Voters in the 2006 Elections.” Read the press release of the fact Read More >

December 31st, 2006
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College Attendance and Civic Engagement Among 18 to 25 Year Olds

by Mark Hugo Lopez and Brent A. Elrod October 2006 Uses data from the Current Population Survey November Supplements (1984 to 2004) and the 2006 Civic and Political Health of the Nation Survey. Download “College Attendance and Civic Engagement Among 18 to 25 Year Olds.”

October 31st, 2006
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Civic Engagement among Recent College Graduates

by Mark Hugo Lopez and Brent A. Elrod October 2006 Based on data from Baccalaureate and Beyond 2000/2001 Longitudinal Survey and from the Current Population Survey September Supplements (1995 and 2005). Download “Civic Engagement among recent College Graduates.”

October 31st, 2006
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Civic Engagement among 2-year and 4-year College Students

by Mark Hugo Lopez and Benjamin Brown October 2006 Looks closely at the civic engagement of community college students. Uses data from National Educational Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88). Download “Civic Engagement among 2-year and 4-year College Students.”

October 31st, 2006
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Higher Education and Civic Engagement: Summary

by Peter Levine and CIRCLE Staff October 2006 This fact sheet is a summary of key points from three fact sheets on higher education. Download “Higher Education and Civic Engagement: Summary.”

October 31st, 2006
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Quick Facts About Young Voters: 2006

by Mark Hugo Lopez September 2006 Based on 1974-2006 Current Population Survey data and the 2006 Civic and Political Health of the Nation Survey. Provides information on young voters in the midterm elections. Download “Quick Facts About Young Voters: 2006.” For state-by-state analysis click here. (by Mark Hugo Lopez, Karlo Barrios Marcelo, and Jared Sagoff).

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September 1st, 2006
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The New Face of America’s Social-Issue Voters

by Jared Sagoff January 2006 Based on the National Election Pool (NEP) national exit poll. Presents data on the role that “moral values” played in the 2004 youth vote. Download “The New Face of America’s Social-Issue Voters.”

January 31st, 2006
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The Youth Vote 2004

by Mark Hugo Lopez, Emily Kirby, and Jared Sagoff July 2005 Based on 1972-2004 Current Population Survey data. Compares voter turnout for 18-24 year olds and 18-29 year olds to that of older voters. Download “The Youth Vote 2004.”

July 31st, 2005
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Youth Voter Turnout in the States during the 2004 Presidential and 2002 Midterm Elections

by Carrie Donovan, Mark Hugo Lopez, and Jared Sagoff July 2005 Based on 1972-2004 Current Population Survey data. Shows a substantial variation in voter turnout rates by state in the 2002 and 2004 elections. Download “Youth Voter Turnout in the States during the 2004 Presidential and 2002 Midterm Elections.”

July 31st, 2005
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Voter Turnout Among Young Women and Men

by Mark Hugo Lopez, Emily Kirby, and Jared Sagoff July 2005 Based on 1972-2004 Current Population Survey data, 2004 NEP exit poll data, and CEG/CIRCLE National Youth Survey 2004 data. Provides information on one measure of civic engagement, voter turnout, across men and women. Also highlights some of the similarities and differences between young women Read More >

July 31st, 2005
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Electoral Engagement Among Minority Youth

by Mark Hugo Lopez and Emily Kirby July 2005 Based on 1972-2004 Current Population Survey data, 2004 NEP exit poll data, and the CEG/CIRCLE Youth Survey 2004. Presents data on the characteristics of the youth population and youth voting trends through 2004 by race and ethnicity. Download “Electoral Engagement Among Minority Youth.”

July 31st, 2005
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Electoral Engagement Among Non-College Attending Youth

by Mark Hugo Lopez, Emily Kirby, Jared Sagoff, and Jason P. Kolaczkowski July 2005 Based on 1972-2004 Current Population Survey data, 2004 NEP exit poll data, and the CEG/CIRCLE Youth Survey 2004. Provides information on the voting rates of non-college attending youth. Download “Fact Sheet: Electoral Engagement Among Non-College Attending Youth” here.

July 31st, 2005
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How Individuals Begin Volunteering

by Sara E. Helms January 2005 Uses the Current Population Survey (CPS) September Volunteer Supplement for 2003, administered by the Bureau of the Census and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Offers a breakdown of how volunteers initially become involved in volunteer activity by state and age group. Download “How Individuals Begin Volunteering.”

January 31st, 2005
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Time Spent in Volunteer Activity: 2002 and 2003

by Sara E. Helms August 2004 Uses two data sets, CIRCLE’s Civic and Political Health survey of 2002 and the Current Population Survey (CPS) September Volunteer Supplements for 2002 and 2003, administered by the Bureau of the Census and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Offers a breakdown of time spent in volunteer activity by states Read More >

August 31st, 2004
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Adolescents’ Trust and Civic Participation in the United States: Analysis of Data from the IEA Civic Education Study

by Judith Torney-Purta, Wendy Klandl Richardson, and Carolyn Henry Barber August 2004 Based on data from the IEA Civic Education study. Compares American youth’s levels of trust with that of youth from four countries of varying political history. Also, examines how trust relates to expectations of future civic participation. Download “Adolescents’ Trust and Civic Participation Read More >

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August 31st, 2004
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Service-Learning in K-12 Public Education

by Allison Stagg July 2004 Based on surveys by National Youth Leadership Council, National Center for Education Statistics, and Fred Newmann and Robert Rutter. Offers a glimpse at the state of service-learning in public education today. Download “Service-Learning in K-12 Public Education.”

July 31st, 2004
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Attention to Media and trust in Media Sources

by Jo-Ann Amadeo, Judith Torney-Purta, and Carolyn Henry Barber January 2004 Based on data from the IEA Civic Education study. Compares American youth’s exposure to media, use of media, and trust in government and media sources, and political knowledge with that of youth from other developed nations. Download “Attention to Media and trust in Media Read More >

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January 31st, 2004
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Young People and Political Campaigning on the Internet

by Peter Levine and Mark Hugo Lopez January 2004 Based on CEG/CIRCLE Youth Survey 2004. Compares support for different online campaign techniques by generation. Download “Young People and Political Campaigning on the Internet.”

January 31st, 2004
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Characteristics of Group Membership Among Young People

by Melissa K. Comber August 2003 Based on Social Capital Community Benchmark Survey 2000 data, CIRCLE Civic & Political Health 2002 Survey. Compares youth membership by type of group and by members’ gender, race/ethnicity, educational level, & political ideology. Download “Characteristics of Group Membership Among Young People.”

August 31st, 2003
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Group Membership and Group Involvement Among Young People

by Melissa K. Comber August 2003 Based on Social Capital Community Benchmark Survey 2000 data, CIRCLE Civic & Political Health 2002 Survey. Compares membership by type of group with age. Download “Group Membership and Group Involvement Among Young People.”

August 31st, 2003
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How Young People Express Their Political Views

by Michael Olander July 2003 Based on CIRCLE Civic & Political Health 2002 survey. Download “How Young People Express Their Political Views.”

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July 31st, 2003
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Electoral Engagement Among Latino Youth

by Mark Hugo Lopez March 2003 Based on Current Population Survey data and CIRCLE National Youth Survey 2002 data. Download “Electoral Engagement Among Latino Youth.”

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March 31st, 2003
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Media Use Among Young People

by Michael Olander January 2003 Based on CIRCLE Civic & Political Health 2002 survey, GSS data from 1972-2000. Tracks trends in media consumption by age groups and media type. Download “Media Use Among Young People.”

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January 31st, 2003
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Youth Attitudes toward Civic Education and Community Service Requirements

by Mark Hugo Lopez October 2002 Based on CEG/CIRCLE Youth Survey 2002 data. Download “Youth Attitudes toward Civic Education and Community Service Requirements.”

October 31st, 2002
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